In my sixth compilation of the canine and feline endocrine publications of 2013, I’m moving on to endocrine hypertension. Listed below are 13 research papers written in 2013 that deal with a variety of hypertensive topics of clinical importance, many of which directly involve one or more hormones.
These range from a review of the hypertension associated with diabetic nephropathy (1) to an overview of guidelines for antihypertensive therapy in dogs and cats (2); from diagnostic testing of primary hyperaldosteronism in cats (3) to the use of plasma metanephrines for diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in dogs (5); and from a case study of a dog that develop severe hypertension secondary to an overdose of phenylpropanolamine (4) to a study of the relationship between the degree of hypertension and the development of ocular changes in cats with chronic kidney disease (6).
Other publications included are a comparison of indirect blood pressure measurements using a non-invasive method, high-definition oscillometry to direct measurements using a radio-telemetry device in awake cats (7) to a study of the effect of body position on indirect measurement of systolic arterial blood pressure in dogs (10); from a report of a case series of dogs and cats with hypertensive encephalopathy (8) to a study of the effect of intra-abdominal hypertension on the adrenal gland secretion of cortisol, aldosterone, epinephrine, and norepinephrine in dogs (13); and finally, from a report of high dietary salt intake and blood pressure in cats (9) to an investigation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the pathogenesis of hypertension associated with hyperthyroidism in cats (12).
- Bloom CA, Rand JS. Diabetes and the kidney in human and veterinary medicine. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2013;43:351-365.
- Buoncompagni S, Bowles MH. Treatment of systemic hypertension associated with kidney disease. Compend Contin Educ Vet 2013;35:E1.
- Djajadiningrat-Laanen SC, Galac S, Boeve SAEB, et al. Evaluation of the oral fludrocortisone suppression test for diagnosing primary hyperaldosteronism in cats. J Vet Intern Med 2013;27:1493-1499.
- Ginn JA, Bentley E, Stepien RL. Systemic hypertension and hypertensive retinopathy following PPA overdose in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2013;49:46-53.
- Green BA, Frank EL. Comparison of plasma free metanephrines between healthy dogs and 3 dogs with pheochromocytoma. Vet Clin Pathol 2013;42:499-503.
- Karck J, von Spiessen L, Rohn K, et al. Interrelation between the degree of a chronic renal insufficiency and/or systemic hypertension and ocular changes in cats. Tierarztliche Praxis Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere 2013;41:37-45.
- Martel E, Egner B, Brown SA, et al. Comparison of high-definition oscillometry -- a non-invasive technology for arterial blood pressure measurement -- with a direct invasive method using radio-telemetry in awake healthy cats. J Feline Med Surg 2013; 15:1104-1115.
- O'Neill J, Kent M, Glass EN, et al. Clinicopathologic and MRI characteristics of presumptive hypertensive encephalopathy in two cats and two dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2013;49:412-420.
- Reynolds BS, Chetboul V, Nguyen P, et al. Effects of dietary salt intake on renal function: a 2-year study in healthy aged cats. J Vet Intern Med 2013;27:507-515.
- Rondeau DA, Mackalonis ME, Hess RS. Effect of body position on indirect measurement of systolic arterial blood pressure in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013;242:1523-1527.
- Tian Z, Shen Y, Liao H, et al. Carotid proliferative plaque formation in a canine model of chronic hypertension. J Investig Med 2013;61:995-1003.
- Williams TL, Elliott J, Syme HM. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity in hyperthyroid cats with and without concurrent hypertension. J Vet Intern Med 2013;27:522-529.
- Yu J, Fu X, Chang M, et al. The effects of intra-abdominal hypertension on the secretory function of canine adrenal glands. PLoS One 2013;8:e81795.